It is one of the
oldest institutions in Mysore. The college offers courses in the study
of Veda, Agama and Sastra in the traditional methods and is one of the
premier institutions in South India for the study of Sanskrit. It offers
teaching upto Vidwat standard in all recognised spheres of Sanskrit
learning. The courses vary from 2 years to 13 years. Students from different
parts of the State and outside are enrolled for the study of these traditional
subjects taught by learned Sanskrit Pandits and scholars. The courses
are conducted on academic year basis and enrolment is open for all those
who are above 8 years of age. Coming into existence over a century ago,
it has an excellent library of printed and manuscript works.
Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, who was a scholar in Kannada and Sanskrit,
was mainly responsible for the establishment of this institution. After
the death of the Maharaja in 1868, Chamaraja Wodeyar, who succeeded
him, gave it a formal shape as a Sanskrit school in 1876, under the
name ‘Saraswathi Prasada’. It was being run in the Maharaja’s Choultry
by Dewan Rangacharlu. The choultry, popularly known as ‘Poornaiah Choultry’,
existed till recently. It was demolished for the formation of a straight
road. Initially, Tarka and Vyakarana Sastras were taught and later courses
in the study of Rigveda, Yajurveda and other Sastras were added. The
school was shifted to the present building in the heart of the city
in 1883 and more courses like Ayurveda, Astrology and Music were included
in the wide range of Sanskrit studies. The College became so popular
that in the year 1889 it had a total strength of 361 students and in
that year’s examinations 225 students came out successfully and 161
prizes were awarded.
In 1907, study of Ayurveda was bifurcated with the setting up of a separate
Ayurveda College. So also the study of music. Though the Sriman Maharaja
Sanskrit College continued to be under the control of the Palace management,
a committee was constituted by the Government in 1917 for the supervision
of the courses and studies. In 1926, the College celebrated its golden
jubilee, Maharaja Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV presiding over it. The College
came under the total control of the Karnataka Government in 1950.
The College has produced some of the renowned scholars and philosophers
of the country. Renowned musician and composer Mysore M. Vasudevacharya
was a student of music of this college. Famous philosophers Dr. S. Radhakrishnan,
one of the Presidents of India, and Prof. S.Hiriyanna studied philosophy
under veteran scholar Mahamahopadhyaya Lakshmipuram Sri Srinivasacharya.
Maharaja Jayachamaraja Wodeyar, who was also a well-known philosopher
and scholar, was a student of Panditarathnam Naveenam Venkatesha Sastry.
Many of its students have becomes heads of Mutts, famous scholars, teachers
and authors. The College has also taught some of these traditional subjects
to girl students. The College celebrated its centenary in 1979, then
Vice-President of India, B.D.Jatti presiding over it.
The courses offered presently are:
Sanskrit Prathama (3 years), Kavya (2 years), Sahitya (3 years),
Vyakarana, Nyaya, Meemaamsa, Dharma Sastra, Vishistadwaita, Shakti Vishistadwaita,
Adwaita, Alankara (3 years each), Vidwat Madhyama (3 years), Vidwat
Uthama (2 years), Rigveda, Shukla Yajurveda, Krishna Yajurveda,
Sama Veda (13 years), Jaina Shaivagama, Vaikhasana Agama, Pancharathra
Agama, Veerashaivagama and Jainagama (5 years each).
Last Date for Admission: June 30, 2001.
Admission: Open for all who are above 8 years of age.
Student Fellowships: Courses are free. No fee is charged. Merited students
are awarded student scholarships.
Hostel: Free hostel facility as per regulations.
Contact: Vid. K.S. Venkatachari, Principal, Maharaja’s
Sanskrit College, New Sayaji Rao Road, Mysore.